03 Feb

How Ethical Is Dr Martens?

From humble beginnings as comfortable boots for housewives in post-WW2 Germany, to one of the most iconic British shoes repped by punks and musicians, and now by many other youth subcultures worldwide. Dr. Martens or “Docs” has certainly had an unforgettable style journey since its appearance in the ’40s. But is this brand ticking the right boxes for people, planet, and animals? How ethical is Dr. Martens?

Environmental Impact

Dr. Martens has a lifetime warranty collection and uses packaging from 100% post-consumer waste materials. While these are positive signs, Dr. Martens’ overall impact on the environment is nothing to be proud of. It uses very few eco-friendly materials, with most products being made from resource-heavy leather. Dr. Martens tanneries are audited by the Leather Working Group, but the brand fails to have robust policies and initiatives on energy use, water reduction, as well as carbon and greenhouse gas emissions. This classic brand has a long way to go before it can be put on the environment’s nice list, which is why we rated its environmental impact ‘Not Good Enough’.

Labour Conditions

Docs are being repped by people from all walks of life across the globe, which begs the question—where are they made, and how are the workers treated? Despite being manufactured in the UK for close to 50 years, in 2003 production was moved to China and Thailand to avoid bankruptcy. These countries have a high and extreme risk of labour abuse. None of Dr. Martens’ supply chain is certified by labour standards which ensure worker health and safety, living wages, or other labour rights. The brand publishes zero or very limited information about its supplier policies and audits, or about forced labour, gender equality, or freedom of association. It even received a score of 0-10% in the Fashion Transparency Index. Most importantly, there is no evidence Dr. Martens ensures payment of a living wage in its supply chain.

When it comes to the impact of COVID-19, Dr. Martens has done adequately to speak to how it is protecting its retail workers in the stores. However, the brand makes no mention of COVID in its supply chain, how it is ensuring the financial security of its suppliers, or the health and safety of the supply chain workers, if it is cancelling orders or not, or if it’s working with its suppliers in any other ways to ensure that wages and payments can be made.

By shifting to a fast fashion model, Dr. Martens has really dragged its rating down to ‘Very Poor’. Dr. Martens has much more work to do to ensure that its workers are treated with the respect and care they deserve.

Animal Welfare

Dr. Martens does not use fur, angora, down, or exotic animal hair or skin. It does, however, use leather and wool from non-mulesed sheep. But even though the brand has a formal animal welfare policy aligned with Five Freedoms,  there is no evidence it traces animal products to the first stage of production. Without being fully transparent about where the animal products come from, it’s hard to gauge the treatment of animals along the supply chain.

One thing to commend Docs for—from an animal welfare point of view—is the introduction of a vegan line, made from 100% non-animal origin materials. However, it labels the material as “a non-leather synthetic material”, without going into details. This could be made from Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) plastic, which Greenpeace lists as one of the most environmentally-damaging plastics. We’d love to see more transparency about the choice of materials. There are so many amazing eco-friendly leather alternatives out there and it would be fantastic to see big brands embracing them!

Dr. Martens’ animal rating is ‘It’s A Start’.

Overall Rating: Not Good Enough

Dr. Martens has received a rating of ‘Not Good Enough’ overall, based on information from our own research. While the brand is making a start in animal welfare, it’s got a lot of work to do to improve its impact, especially when it comes to labour and the environment. Note that Good On You ratings consider 100s of issues and it is not possible to list every relevant issue in a summary of the brand’s performance. For more information see our How We Rate page and our FAQs.

See the rating.


Luckily, many amazing sustainable and ethical alternatives to Dr. Martens are popping up every day! Have a look at a few of our favourites below.

Good Swaps

Ethical alternatives to Dr. Martens


Rated: Good
black eco boots made by Womsh

Vegan Moon Black – Ships internationally from Italy

Fashion and sustainability can go together and Womsh is the brand that proves it. Its shoes are entirely designed and manufactured in Italy, and its clothing range is made from eco-friendly fabrics like organic cotton. Find most shoes in EU sizes 35-42, and clothes in XS-2XL.

See the rating.

Shop Womsh.

Shop Womsh @ COMOVITA.

Shop Womsh @ Curate.

Good Guys

Rated: Good

Jane Unisex Vegan Loafers – Ships internationally from France

Good Guys creates cruelty-free shoes for women and men, founded and designed by Marion Hanania in Paris. Through Good Guys, Hanania aims to create the perfect cruelty-free, made in Europe closet, where no animal product is involved, and the production guarantees fair trade working conditions. Find most shoes in EU sizes 36 to 46.

See the rating.

Shop Good Guys.

Shop Good Guys @ Immaculate Vegan.

Shop Good Guys @ thegreenlabels.


Rated: Good

Trina Boots – Ships internationally from Portugal

NAE is a Portuguese footwear, bags, and accessories brand using innovative materials to create goods with “No Animal Exploitation”. Its sustainable materials include recycled PET from bottles, OEKO-TEX® certified microfibres, recycled car tyres, natural cork, recycled thermoplastic, and even pineapple leaf fibre! Find most of the shoes in sizes 36 to 46.

See the rating.

Shop NAE.

Shop NAE @ Staiy.

Shop NAE @ Urbankissed.

Will’s Vegan Store

Rated: Good

Work Boots – Ships internationally from the UK

Will's Vegan Store produces animal and human friendly women's and men's footwear, clothing, and accessories at affordable prices. Find the women's shoes in US sizes 5-10, and men's in 7.5-14.

See the rating.

Shop Will’s Vegan Store.

Shop Will's Vegan Store @ Immaculate Vegan.


Rated: Good

Amalia All Weather Boots – Ships internationally from the US

Nisolo is an American brand that prioritizes living wages throughout its supply chains while also working to combat climate change.

See the rating.

Shop Nisolo @ Made Trade.

Shop Nisolo.

Editor's note

This article was published in 2017 and updated in October 2020. Feature image via Dr. Martens. All other images via brands mentioned. Good On You publishes the world's most comprehensive ratings of fashion brands’ impact on people, the planet and animals. Use the Directory to search more than 2,500 brands. To support our work, we may earn a commission on sales made using our offer codes or affiliate links.

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