Material Guide: How Sustainable is Nylon?

By June 22, 2016Material Guides

Nylon – you’ve probably seen it on the labels of some of your stretchier clothing items like tights or stockings. But what is nylon? Where does it come from? And does it have an impact on the planet or its inhabitants?

Apart from underwear and hosiery, nylon can also be found in the bristles of our toothbrushes, umbrellas, knits, and swimwear and activewear. But for something most of us interact with on a daily basis, our understanding of how the fabric is made and what it looks like probably isn’t up to scratch.

A brief history of Nylon

Nylon was the first fabric made entirely in a laboratory and its invention represents the dawn of the age of synthetics. Nylon became widely available to the general public around the time of World War II. Nylon had two several important roles to play in wartime. Firstly – thanks to its strength and durability – nylon was used extensively for military products, including parachutes, tents, rope and tyres. Secondly, nylon replaced everything that was once made from silk – such as silk stockings – as silk imports from Asia experienced significant shortages and price fluctuations.

What is Nylon?

Essentially, nylon is a type of plastic derived from crude oil. This plastic is then put through an intensive chemical process, resulting in the strong, stretchy fibres that make it so useful as a fabric.

More specifically, nylons are a family of materials called polyamides, made from reacting carbon-based chemicals found in coal and petroleum in a high-pressure, heated environment. This chemical reaction, known as condensation polymerization, forms a large polymer – in the form of a sheet of nylon. To make nylon fabric for apparel, this nylon sheet is then broken into chips, melted and drawn through a mechanical spinneret to produce individual fibres that are woven into fabric.


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Nylon’s impact on the planet

Different kinds of nylon have different properties, but the common threads between each are strength, durability and ability to be moulded into shape. The flip side is that no form of nylon is biodegradable; so once you no longer have a need for your torn stockings or old toothbrush, it sits in a landfill for at least 30 years.

Nylon is in part derived from coal and petroleum. In addition to supporting some of the world’s dirtiest industries, the manufacture of nylon has several other direct environmental impacts.

  • Greenhouse gases: producing nylon creates nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas that is 300 times more potent than carbon dioxide.
  • Water: manufacturing nylon is a very thirsty process; large amounts of water are used for cooling the fibres, which can be a source of environmental contamination and pollution.
  • Energy: manufacturing nylon is a very energy-hungry process, which contributes to environmental degradation and global warming.

But, there’s good news

Remember when we said that nylon is a plastic? Well, plastic can be recycled, right? There are several brands and accreditations that can help consumers find more sustainable nylon products. After all, just because you want to save the planet doesn’t mean you want your stockings all baggy!

Econyl has developed an eco-friendly nylon made from recycled plastics in a closed loop system, drastically reducing waste and emissions. It has been embraced by brands such as Stella McCartney , Finisterre , Outerknown and allSisters .

So there you have it. Nylon is certainly not great for the environment, but there are plenty of brands who are working hard to turn that around!

Editor’s notes: this article was updated in August 2018. Featured image by Hanna Postova on Unsplash. Photos by Lina Trochez on Unsplash and Alex on Unsplash.

Ashlee Uren

Author Ashlee Uren

Ashlee Uren tries to wear the change she wants to see in the world. Her love for ethical shopping stems from her passionate belief that the actions of individuals can be incredibly powerful in positively impacting the world. Ashlee holds a double degree in Law and International Relations and in her spare time enjoys blogging about her ethical lifestyle journey at www.onefairday.com

More posts by Ashlee Uren

Join the discussion 4 Comments

  • Danielle says:

    I have found Maggies Organics tights (the more sheer ones) to be pretty good. Not like traditional “nylons” in that they are thicker, and don’t make you sweat and hot and cold and feel gross lol but they are pretty nice to wear in the winter (they only had black when I ordered). Hope this helps!

  • Janet Cunille says:

    Hello Ashlee, thank you for your article. I am interested in finding an eco friendly fabric that could replace the power mesh (80-90% nylon, 10-20% spandex). Would you be able to offer any advise of where I could start looking?

  • Anne says:

    Thanks for that .

  • Sarah Ellison says:

    Is there a place we can actually send old nylon stockings to be recycled? I feel so guilty getting holes in them but I end up getting through about 2-3 stockings a year despite getting very high quality nylons. I’ve just been saving them because I don’t know where to recycle them.

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